UNFPA’s Guiding International Principles
UNFPA is directed in its work by several international agreements, in particular the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994. Our work is also guided by the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and we contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Viet Nam and the International Principles
The Government of Viet Nam is also committed to these goals and has endorsed the agreements and conventions. With this shared understanding, UNFPA helps the Government formulate laws, policies and strategies and enforce the implementation of these laws and policies, particularly at the sub-national level, to support sustainable development.
Viet Nam and the International Conference on Population and Development
Viet Nam has endorsed the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development , and immediately after the conference formulated a new country programme which outlined the future direction of its cooperation with UNFPA. The Government adopted a broader approach to sexual and reproductive health, which has continued in subsequent years. In 1999, the year of the follow-up ICPD+5 meeting, the Viet Nam Commission for Population, Family and Children was awarded the United Nations Population Award in recognition of its outstanding contributions to increasing awareness of population issues and solutions. The Government actively participated in the ‘ICPD beyond 2014’ global survey in 2012, as well as in the ongoing global and regional consultations on ICPD after 2014.
Viet Nam and the Beijing Declaration
Viet Nam has signed the Beijing Declaration, which brings women’s rights to the forefront to promote equality, development and peace globally. In 1993 this led to the establishment of the National Committee for the Advancement of Women (NCFAW), tasked with implementing the National Plan of Action developed for the Beijing conference. In 1997 the Government approved its first National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women in Viet Nam to the Year 2000, and in 2000 launched the first National Strategy for the Advancement of Women by 2010 and a related Plan of Action. In 2004 NCFAW completed its Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines in National Policy Formulation and Implementation, and in 2005 UNFPA and the Government commemorated Beijing+10 with a high-level national conference.
Viet Nam and the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
Viet Nam has ratified the convention and is legally bound to put its provisions into practice. It has also committed to submitting national reports at least every four years on measures it has taken to comply with the obligations. You can find the latest country report here. These reports are filed with the UN Division for the Advancement of Women.
Viet Nam and the Millennium Development Goals
Viet Nam ratified the Millennium Declaration at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 and has since made impressive advances towards the achievement of many of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Government and the United Nations in Viet Nam have produced several reports assessing progress towards the MDGs. UNFPA particularly focuses its efforts on MDG 5 to improve universal access to reproductive health, including maternal health and family planning, and MDG 3 to promote gender equality and empower women.
You can find more information on the MDGs here.