Epidemiological data shows that the AIDS epidemic is beginning to change course as the number of people newly infected with HIV is declining and AIDS-related deaths are decreasing. In many of the most affected countries, HIV infections among young people have declined significantly. These factors are contributing to the stabilization of the total number of people living with and the possibility of ending AIDS by 2030.
Nevertheless, AIDS remains a global health and development challenge responsible for over 36 million deaths worldwide, tens of millions of children left orphaned, and some 35.3 million people living with HIV. It is the leading cause of death of women of reproductive age. Furthermore new infections are increasing in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, as well as the Arab States regions, and deaths amongst adolescent have increased in the last decade.
Ending AIDS requires long-term strategic investment towards reaching zero new infections, discrimination, and AIDS-related deaths. This necessiates equitable access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services, empowering women and girls, ending gender-based violence (GBV), and fostering young people's leadership.
UNFPA collaborates with partners to: