View PSA

On this site, you find the dynamic version of the Population Situation Analysis (PSA) based on the manual published in 2011. As soon as new tools, research or evidence become available, we will integrate these into the website version of the guide. Therefore, the online tool of the PSA will in the future be changing its content, including new information on methodology, sources and tools.

Foreword, Bruce Campbell,  Director, Technical Division, United Nations Population Fund

First Part
Objectives, Content and Rationale of the Population Situation Analysis (PSA) Process

1. Introduction: Purpose and Principles
2. The Vital Importance of Political-Strategic Dialogue and Advocacy Strategy
3. The Elaboration Process of the Population Situation Analysis
4. Rationale and Structure of the Proposed Content
5. The Use of Data in the Population Situation Analysis
6. Population and Individual Rights in the Population Situation Analysis

Second Part
Contents of the Population Situation Analysis in the Country

I. Introduction: Objectives, Background and Guiding Principles of the Country Document
II. Comprehensive Overview of the Situation of the Country and its Progress in Complying with International Agreements and Goals

1. The Economic Context
2. The Socio-cultural Context
3. The Political and Institutional Context
4. Social Expenditures, with an Emphasis on Education and Health
5. Progress in Complying with International Agreements and Goals: The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) / Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other International Summits and Conferences

III. Population Dynamics and Sexual and Reproductive Health in the Context of Economic and Social Processes

1. Trajectory and Growth of the Population in the Context of the Demographic Transition
2. Changes in the Situation of Sexual and Reproductive Health, with an Emphasis on Fertility
3. Sexual and Reproductive Health: Health Systems and Service Delivery

3.1. Health Systems and Service Delivery
3.2. Emergency Obstetric Care
3.3. Unmet Need

4. Obstetric Fistula
5. Changes in Overall, Infant, Child, and Maternal Mortality
6. Morbidity, Mortality and the Epidemiological Transition
7. Situation and Trends with Respect to HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
8. Low Fertility and Population Decline
9. Changes in the Age Structure, with Special Reference to Ageing
10. Adolescents and Youth and their Emergence as a Priority Group
11. Marriage and Family Patterns
12. Settlement Patterns and Population Mobility

12.1. Urbanization and Changes in Regional Population Distribution
12.2. Internal Migration
12.3. Emergency Situations: Natural Disasters, Armed Conflicts, Displacement

13. International Migration
14. Trafficking and Cross-Border Movement
15. Socio-demographic Information as an Instrument of Analysis, Policies and Empowerment

IV. Inequalities and the Exercise of Rights

1. Population Inequalities by Poverty

1.1. Inequality in Population Behaviours and Trends
1.2. Trends in Reproductive Inequality
1.3. Inequalities in Mortality and Morbidity

2. Generational Inequality: Adolescents and Older Adults
3. Gender Inequalities

3.1. The Gender Gap Index (GGI)
3.2. Gender-based Violence
3.3. Harmful Cultural Practices

3.3.1. Honour Crimes
3.3.2. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)
3.3.3. Sex Selection

3.4. Mortality Differentials by Sex

4. Inequalities by Racial, Ethnic, Religious and Other Cultural Characteristics
5. Inequalities related to the Habitat
6. Groups in Vulnerable Situations
7. Application of Rights and its Impact on Different Kinds of Inequality

V. Relationships and Impacts: Relevance for Public Policies

1. Linkages at the Micro Level

1.1. How Women’s Empowerment is Linked to Poverty Reduction and to MDGs 2 and 4
1.2. How Reproductive Health and Reducing Unwanted Births Contribute to Poverty Reduction
1.3. How HIV/AIDS is Linked to Other MDG Outcomes
1.4. How the Better Use of Household Resources and Better Birth Spacing are Linked to Poverty and Malnutrition
1.5. How Population Factors at the Household Level are Linked to the Formation of Human Resources (MDG 2)
1.6. How Reproductive Health is Linked to the Other Health MDGs

2. Linkages at the Macro Level

2.1. How Population Growth is Linked to Development and Poverty Reduction at the Macro Level
2.2. How Changes in Age Structures and Ageing are Linked to Poverty Reduction and Development, including Health Costs
2.3. On the Needs for Social Protection Linked to the Change of the Age Structure, especially Ageing
2.4. The Links of Migration and Spatial Distribution with Poverty
2.5. The Links between Population Dynamics and the Labour Market (MDG 1.B)
2.6. The Links between Population, Climate Change and Environment (MDG 7)

VI. Challenges and Opportunities

1. Main Population Challenges Confronting the Country
2. Opportunities for Action: Policy, Strategy and Programmatic Recommendations
3. The Strategic Role of UNFPA in Partnership with other Humanitarian and Development Actors

Third Part

 Other References for the Elaboration of the Population Situation Analysis 

I. The Role of Rights-based Public Policies
II. Ingredients of an Advocacy Strategy
III. Lessons Learned in the Elaboration Process of the Population Situation Analysis in Venezuela
IV. Lessons Learned in the Elaboration Process of the Population Situation Analysis in Bolivia
V. Lessons Learned in the Elaboration Process of the Population Situation Analysis in Haiti
VI. Lessons Learned in the Elaboration Process of the Population Situation Analysis in Argentina