Facts/messages: Based on the previous analysis, it is possible to identify strategic areas for action. There are clear options for implementing policies to improve people’s quality of life, reducing poverty and social inequality, and promoting greater gender equality. These areas, together with their expected impacts, and the particular features of policies and programmes that need to be designed or reinforced should be addressed in this chapter. This requires a combined effort of information, research, outreach and advocacy.
It is advisable to include meaningful scenarios for the medium term together with recommendations for public policies aimed at tackling the main priorities with regard to population, SRH, and gender in the country, in an effort to illustrate the benefits of timely actions and the risks/costs of inaction or delay in responding. One time horizon could be the year 2015, the benchmark for the achievement of the MDGs, but also a later date. Key comparative references might become useful with respect to the relative situation of national policies regarding regional trends and the group of countries that is most significant within each relevant area. It is important to identify urgent actions (short-term policies), as well as those efforts that have a medium-term or long-term scope. If the policy dialogue has already generated tangible commitments and actions for intervention, these must be incorporated in this chapter. Ways for following up these interventions could be included within this scope.