I. Introduction: Objectives, Background and Guiding Principles of the Country Document
This introductory chapter is the point of access to the PSA and consequently it should provide an overview that includes the objectives of the PSA and their incorporation into the conceptual framework, the guiding principles, a brief description of the process followed and finally, a description of the rationale and contents of the document. At the same time, it is important for the presentation to reflect the process of political dialogue carried out in successive versions of the PSA, with a special emphasis on the commitments made and results achieved.
In the objectives, the rationale of the PSA exercise should be pointed out, i.e. that it postulates the main challenges faced and priorities set forth by the country through an assessment demonstrating the importance of population dynamics, their relationship with social, economic, political and cultural processes and their short and medium-term repercussions, thus serving as a bench-mark for the country and for national and international organizations, particularly the United Nations. At the same time, one should point out the guiding principles of this analysis, such as the principles of inequality and the exercise of rights, pursuant to international agreements and goals. The ways in which social, gender, age-related and ethnic differences and their demographic repercussions feed back upon each other through various pathways and mechanisms should be underscored. These inequalities have a natural and direct link with the exercise of rights inasmuch as they are symptomatic of the difficulties and constraints involved when people and groups living under disadvantaged conditions seek to exercise their rights. In the same manner, it is necessary to underline the innovative nature of the PSA
as a collaborative exercise with the country: the analysis is conducted through a dynamic political dialogue with national actors (government, civil society and possibly with the private sector) that is not a consultation after the fact, but as an integral part of the document’s preparation. L ast but not least, one should mention the contents of the document and the principles underlying the way it is articulated; for this purpose one should focus on the factors contained in the first part of this Manual.
Methodology and Sources
In elaborating this chapter, contributions from the first part of this manual shall be used. The other contents are specific to each country and will be determined on the basis of the procedures used in each context.