3.3 Lessons Learned in the Preparation Process of the PSA in Venezuela

The assessment is based on the lessons learned and main conclusions derived from the preparation of the Population Situation Analysis process, rather than the finished product. In this respect, the country office has treated the PSA as an undertaking calling for continuity and permanent updating, based on the long-term gathering of evidence and the reappraisal and pursuit of strategic political dialogue.

In particular, a key issue in Venezuela’s experience was the strategy of political dialogue with decision-making entities in the governmental and non-governmental sectors which enabled UNFPA to interact with political actors, academia and decentralized agencies. This experience resulted in many projects including the demographic survey of Venezuela by the National Institute of Statistics and technical assistance in the building of a demographic model for public investment projects, an initiative coordinated by the Ministry of Planning and Development.

Lessons Learned

  • The dialogue was initiated and enhanced by the presentation of empirical evidence, prepared on the basis of the identification of policy priorities and their linkages with socio-demographic variables;
  • One of the prerequisites for attracting attention of decision-makers has been the construction of disaggregated indicators in order to demonstrate the important role of population factors in accounting for poverty and inequalities;
  • The presentation of evidence required diverse formats according to the target audience;
  • The development of institutional relationships and the mainstreaming of the issues in the public agenda required time and sustained effort;
  • Deficiencies and constraints in statistics made it vital to have the support of competent technical teams;
  • The PSA added value to the country offices in the programme execution by facilitating;
  • Internally, the provision of arguments to advocate and visualize common areas for action among the sub-programmes; and
  • Externally, efforts to promote and visualize UNFPA as a relevant actor in strategic areas of national development.

Main Conclusions

  • Understanding the preparation of the PSA on the basis of the promotion of a national strategic dialogue;
  • Promoting the PSA as an ongoing process aimed at:
  • Providing substantive arguments and evidence for advocacy in priority aspects of sexual reproductive health, gender equality, demographic bonus and employment, adolescents and youth, ageing, migration, cultural diversity etc.;
  • Establishing an agenda of research priorities, mobilizing funds and establishing relationships with centres of excellence in the country and in the region;
  • Increasing the value for the execution of the country programme by having an impact on:
  • Stregthened capacity of the country office
  • Improved national appropriation for a more strategic technical assistance
  • Midterm revision or annual revisions
  • The Common Country Assessment (CCA) and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)

Prepared by the Venezuela Country Office, September 2007.