UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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State of World Population
Population and Poverty
Population and the Environment
Migration and Urbanization
Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
Reproductive Health and Family Planning
Maternal Health
Preventing HIV/AIDS
Adolescents and Young People
Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis
Action Priorities
Sources for Boxes
Graphs and Tables


Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11


1. UNFPA. 2004. Investing in People: National Progress in Implementing the ICPD Programme of Action. New York: UNFPA.

2. This section draws on the analysis in: To Better Communication Project. 2003. The Road to Global Reproductive Health: Reproductive Health and Rights on the International Agenda: 1968-2003. New York: To Better Communication Project, coordinated by the media/advocacy working group of the EuroNGOs and sponsored by UNFPA. Web site: http://www.unfpa.org/publications/detail.cfm?ID=143, last accessed 9 June 2004.

3. See: UNFPA. 1997. “Reproductive Health and Human Rights.” Ch. 1 in: The State of World Population 1997: The Right to Choose: Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health.” New York: UNFPA.

4. UNFPA 2004, pp. 34-35.

5. Unsafe abortion is defined as a procedure for terminating an unwanted pregnancy either by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment lacking the minimal medical standards or both (based on: WHO. 1994. Health, Population and Development [WHO/FHE/94.1]). WHO position paper prepared for the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994. Geneva: WHO.

6. WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA. 2003. Maternal Mortality in 2000: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA. Geneva: WHO; and WHO. 2003. Reproductive Health: Draft Strategy to Accelerate Progress towards the Attainment of International Development Goals and Targets (EB113/15 Add.1). Geneva: WHO.

7. UNAIDS. 2004. 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic: 4th Global Report (UNAIDS/04.16E). Geneva: UNAIDS.

8. The increase, however, may not be sustained and may largely represent investments in HIV/AIDS programmes rather than in a comprehensive approach to reproductive health.

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