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UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund

State of World Population 2005

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9    |    REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS AND THE MDGS
 
Elements of Reproductive Rights Examples of Rights-based Actions Relevance to specific MDGs
Right to life and survival Prevent avoidable maternal and infant deaths

End neglect of and discrimination against girls that can contribute to premature deaths

Ensure access to information and methods to prevent sexually transmitted infections, including HIV

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Reduce child mortality (MDG 4)

Improve maternal health (MDG 5)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to liberty and security of the person Take measures to prevent, punish and eradicate all forms of gender-based violence

Enable women, men and adolescents to make reproductive decisions free of coercion, violence and discrimination

Eliminate female genital mutilation/cutting

Stop sexual trafficking
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1)

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Reduce child mortality (MDG 4)

Improve maternal health (MDG 5)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to seek, receive and impart information Make information about reproductive health and rights issues and related policies and laws widely and freely available

Provide full information for people to make informed reproductive health decisions

Support reproductive health and family life education both in and out of schools
Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to decide the number, timing and spacing of children Provide people with full information that enables them to choose and correctly use a family planning method

Provide access to a full range of modern contraceptive methods

Enable adolescent girls to delay pregnancy
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1)

Achieve universal primary education (MDG 2)

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Ensure environmental stability (MDG 7)
Right to voluntarily marry and establish a family Prevent and legislate against child and forced marriages

Prevent and treat sexually transmitted infections that cause infertility

Provide reproductive health services, including for HIV prevention, to married adolescent girls and their husbands
Achieve universal primary education (MDG 2)

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Reduce child mortality (MDG 4)

Improve maternal health (MDG 5)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to the highest attainable standard of health Provide access to affordable, acceptable, comprehensive and quality reproductive health information and services

Allocate available resources fairly, prioritizing those with least access to reproductive health education and services
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1)

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Reduce child mortality (MDG 4)

Improve maternal health (MDG 5)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to the benefits of scientific progress Fund contraceptive research, including female-controlled methods, microbicides and male methods

Offer a variety of contraceptive options

Provide access to emergency obstetric care that can prevent maternal deaths and obstetric fistula
Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Reduce child mortality (MDG 4)

Improve maternal health (MDG 5)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
Right to nondiscrimination and equality in education and employment Prohibit discrimination in employment based on pregnancy, proof of contraceptive use or motherhood

Establish programmes to keep girls in schools

Ensure pregnant and married adolescent girls, and young mothers, are able to complete their education
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1)

Achieve universal primary education (MDG 2)

Promote gender equality and empower women (MDG 3)

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)
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